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Difference between fail-fast and fail-safe

Difference between fail-fast and fail-safe

fail-fast and fail-safe are related to java.util.Iterator class in Java.

Iterator fail-fast states that, it should throw the exception ConcurrentModificationException if the collection is modified during the iteration. All the collection in java.util package are by default fail-fast in nature.

The exception is thrown as shown below
while(iterator.hasNext()) {
 iterator.next(); // It will throw ConcurrentModificationException once it reach here after adding an   element in the list
 sharedQueue.add(10);
}

As shown above, next() throws the ConcurrentModificationException if the element is added in the list while iteration.

Iterator fail-safe states that, it will not throw ConcurrentModificationException even though the collection gets modified. Classes in the package java.util.concurrent are fail-safe. ConcurrentHashMap and CopyOnWriteArrayList are fail-safe because the iterator does not throws any exception while the collection gets modified. Click here for implementation of CopyOnWriteArrayList.




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